Gotjawal is a dialect of Jeju Island.
When a volcano erupts, viscous lava is split into large and small rock masses
to create uneven terrain. The unique forest of Jeju Island is called Gotjawal.
Generation process of Gotjawal
We will guide you through the formation process of Gotjawal, where forests, rocks, and thickets are intertwined.
creation process 01
Jeju Island Volcanic Activity and
creation process 02
Slow flowing lava flows from
the middle mountain oreum in Jeju
creation process 03
As the viscous lava cools,
it splits into large and small rocks
creation process 04
forests form on rocks
creation process 05
Water seeps through cracks
in the rocks to form groundwater.
creation process 06
moisture from the ground
forms the ecology of Gotjawal
Features of Gotjawal
We will guide you through the features of Gotjawal, a unique natural environment unique to Jeju Island.
barren land of rocks
The Gotjawal area is composed of large and small rock masses, and it is very barren for plants to survive.
If you look at the trees of Gotjawal, you can see that the roots of the trees are exposed and stretched out on rocks or crevices in search of food and nutrients.
The symbiosis of Gotjawal tree and moss
In Gotjawal, moss replaces the barren soil and supplies nutrients to the tree roots.
Trees that are nourished by moss provide shade with their large leaves.
Shade prevents evaporation of water and maintains adequate sunlight for moss growth.
The uneven terrain of protrusions and depressions has a large difference in temperature and humidity even within the same space.
Plants sensitive to temperature and humidity grow various vegetation accordingly,
and it shows a unique landscape in which plants with completely different characteristics grow in a short distance.
The interior of Gotjawal, where the sun does not get much sunlight even in midsummer, is the best habitat for the development of ferns.
Ferns in Gotjawal coexist with various vegetation from southern limit plants to northern limit plants.